Main content area

Adding value to gasification and co-pyrolysis chars as removal agents of Cr3+

Godinho, D., Dias, D., Bernardo, M., Lapa, N., Fonseca, I., Lopes, H., Pinto, F.
Journal of hazardous materials 2017 v.321 pp. 173-182
Vibrio fischeri, adsorbents, adsorption, aqueous solutions, bacteria, chromium, ecotoxicology, gasification, ion exchange, kinetics, pH, polyethylene, pyrolysis, rice, rice hulls, wastes
The present work aims to assess the efficiency of chars, obtained from the gasification and co-pyrolysis of rice wastes, as adsorbents of Cr³⁺ from aqueous solution. GC and PC chars, produced in the gasification and co-pyrolysis, respectively, of rice husk and polyethylene were studied. Cr³⁺ removal assays were optimised for the initial pH value, adsorbent mass, contact time and Cr³⁺ initial concentration.GC showed a better performance than PC with about 100% Cr³⁺ removal, due to the pH increase that caused Cr precipitation. Under pH conditions in which the adsorption prevailed (pH<5.5), GC presented the highest uptake capacity (21.1mg Cr³⁺ g⁻¹ char) for the following initial conditions: 50mg Cr³⁺ L⁻¹; pH 5; contact time: 24h;L/S ratio: 1000mLg⁻¹.The pseudo-second order kinetic model showed the best adjustment to GC experimental data. Both the first and second order kinetic models fitted well to PC experimental data.The ion exchange was the dominant phenomenon on the Cr³⁺ adsorption by GC sample. Also, this char significantly reduced the ecotoxicity of Cr³⁺ solutions for the bacterium Vibrio fischeri.GC char proved to be an efficient material to remove Cr³⁺ from aqueous solution, without the need for further activation.