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Highly efficient degradation of thidiazuron with Ag/AgCl- activated carbon composites under LED light irradiation

Yang, Yisi, Zhang, Yan, Dong, Mingguang, Yan, Ting, Zhang, Maosheng, Zeng, Qingru
Journal of hazardous materials 2017 v.335 pp. 92-99
activated carbon, adsorption, defoliants, free radicals, high performance liquid chromatography, hydroxyl radicals, hydroxylation, irradiation, mass spectrometry, oxidation, pH, photocatalysis, photolysis, pollutants, risk, silver, silver chloride, superoxide anion, surface water, sustainable technology, synergism, thidiazuron, urea
Thidiazuron (TDZ; 1-phenyl-3-(1,2,3-thiadiazol-5-yl)urea) is one of the most widely used defoliant and easy to dissolve in surface water. Risk associated with the pesticide is not clearly defined, so it is important to remove/degrade TDZ with an efficient and environment friendly technology. Here, we investigated the use of Ag/AgCl-activated carbon (Ag/AgCl–AC) composites in photocatalytic degradation of TDZ under LED light. By the synergic effect of Ag/AgCl and AC, the optimum Ag/carbon weight ratio of 2:1 exhibited superior visible-light photocatalytic activity, the highest removal efficiency was close to 91% in pH 7 matrix. Different types of Ag/AgCl–AC composites were tested, all showed much faster photodegradation kinetics than bare Ag/AgCl in 210min. The degradation products as identified by HPLC–MS revealed that the hydroxylation by hydroxyl radicals and that of oxidation by superoxide radicals as well as holes were the two main pathways for TDZ degradation. Results revealed that the adsorption concentrated TDZ molecules and the photocatalytically generated radicals rapidly degradated TDZ, the two contributions functioned together for removal of the pollutant from water.