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Compost-derived humic acids as regulators for reductive degradation of nitrobenzene

Yuan, Ying, Xi, Beidou, He, Xiaosong, Tan, Wenbing, Gao, Rutai, Zhang, Hui, Yang, Chao, Zhao, Xinyu, Huang, Caihong, Li, Dan
Journal of hazardous materials 2017 v.339 pp. 378-384
aniline, composting, cost effectiveness, groundwater, humic acids, nitrobenzenes, phenol, polluted soils, quinones, remediation, soil pollution
Nitrobenzene (NB) is a major class of contaminants in soil and groundwater. The current methods involved in the reductive degradation of NB suffer either cost-ineffective or slow conversion rate. Here, we investigated the mechanisms regarding compost-derived humic acids (HAs) as cost-effective regulators to enhance the reduction of NB to aniline (AN). Our results show that the compost-derived HAs, which have been reduced by a Pd-H2 catalytic system, were able to reduce NB to AN, and their redox properties were the main factors governing the reduction of NB to AN. The decreasing reduction of NB was mainly caused by the decreasing phenol content of compost-derived HAs during composting. In addition, the results reveal that the increase in the generation content of AN was mainly attributed to the increase in the quinones, aromaticity and humic-like components of compost-derived HAs. The findings demonstrate that the HAs derived from compost are effective regulators to enhance the reduction of NB to AN, and that they exert a bright application prospect for the remediation of the NB-contaminated soil.