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Accelerated crystallization of magnetic 4A-zeolite synthesized from red mud for application in removal of mixed heavy metal ions

Xie, Wu-Ming, Zhou, Feng-Ping, Bi, Xiao-Lin, Chen, Dong-Dong, Li, Jun, Sun, Shui-Yu, Liu, Jing-Yong, Chen, Xiang-Qing
Journal of hazardous materials 2018 v.358 pp. 441-449
adsorption, aluminum, cadmium, copper, crystallization, heavy metals, hot water treatment, iron, leaching, lead, magnetism, metal ions, nickel, particle size distribution, silicon, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide, temperature, wastewater, zinc
To cope with the increasing environmental issues of red mud, an integrated technological route for its comprehensive utilization was developed through the extraction of valuable components and the synthesis of magnetic 4A-zeolite. To accelerate the crystallization process of the synthesized 4A-zeolite, sodium chloride (NaCl) was innovatively employed under hydrothermal treatment. The effects of various parameters, including mass ratio of red mud/NaOH, alkali fusion temperature, alkali fusion time and molar ratio of NaCl/Al2O3, were systematically investigated. The results showed that approximately 81.0% Al, 76.1% Si and 95.8% Fe were utilized from red mud using alkali fusion and acid leaching methods. The optimal conditions of the alkali fusion process were determined as: mass ratio of red mud/NaOH = 1/2, alkali fusion temperature of 800 °C, and time of 90 min. Furthermore, when the molar ratio of NaCl/Al2O3 was kept at 1.5, the crystallization time reduced from 240 min to 150 min, and particle size distributions narrowed from 20–100 μm to 1–10 μm. The practical applications in removal of mixed heavy metal ions (Zn2+, Cu2+, Cd2+, Ni2+, and Pb2+) from wastewater indicated that the as-synthesized magnetic 4A-zeolite is a promising candidate for heavy metals adsorption.