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Facile on-chip electrospinning of ZnFe2O4 nanofiber sensors with excellent sensing performance to H2S down ppb level

Van Hoang, Nguyen, Hung, Chu Manh, Hoa, Nguyen Duc, Van Duy, Nguyen, Van Hieu, Nguyen
Journal of hazardous materials 2018 v.360 pp. 6-16
annealing, crystal structure, electrodes, hydrogen sulfide, nanofibers, temperature
ZnFe2O4 nanofiber gas sensors are cost-effectively fabricated by direct electrospinning on microelectrode chip with Pt interdigitated electrodes and subsequent calcination under different conditions to maximize their response to H2S gas. The synthesized nanofibers of approximately 30–100 nm in diameter show typical spider-net-like morphology of the electrospun nanofibers. The ZnFe2O4 nanofibers comprise many 10–25 nm nanograins, which results in multi-porous structures. Moreover, the nanofibers exhibit the single phase of cubic-spinel-structure ZnFe2O4. The density, crystallinity and grain size of ZnFe2O4 nanofiber that strongly affect gas-sensing properties can be optimized by controlling electrospun time, annealing temperature, annealing time and heating rate. Under optimal conditions, the ZnFe2O4 nanofiber sensors exhibit high sensitivity and selectivity to H2S at sub-ppm levels. Excellent gas-sensing performances are attributed to effects of multi-porous structure, nanograin size and crystallinity, which is explained by the sensing mechanisms of ZnFe2O4 nanofiber sensors to H2S gas.