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A hybrid sorption – Spectrometric method for determination of synthetic anionic dyes in foodstuffs

Tikhomirova, Tatyana I., Ramazanova, Gyulselem R., Apyari, Vladimir V.
Food chemistry 2017 v.221 pp. 351-355
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, absorption, adsorbents, adsorption, artificial colors, beverages, drugs, hydrochloric acid, moieties, pH, quinoline, reflectance spectroscopy, silica, tartrazine
A sorption-spectrometric method for determination of the anionic synthetic dyes based on their sorption on silica sorbent modified with hexadecyl groups (C16) followed by measuring the diffuse reflectance spectra on the surface of the sorbent has been proposed. Adsorption of sulfonated azo dyes Tartrazine (E102), Sunset Yellow FCF (E110), Ponceau 4R (E124) reaches maximum in acidic medium (1M HCl – pH 1). For the quinophthalone type dye Quinoline Yellow (E104), the adsorption is also maximal in an acidic medium (1M HCl – pH 2). The triphenylmethane dye Fast Green FCF (E143) is absorbed in the wider area of pH (1M HCl – pH 6). Increasing concentration of the dyes in a solution led to the increase in absorption band intensity in diffuse reflectance spectra of the adsorbent, which was used for their direct determination. The proposed method was applied to the determination of dyes in beverages and pharmaceuticals.