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Synthesis of omega-3 ethyl esters from chia oil catalyzed by polyethylene glycol-modified lipases with improved stability

Castejón, Natalia, Moreno-Pérez, Sonia, Abreu Silveira, Erick, Fernández Lorente, Gloria, Guisán, José M., Señoráns, Francisco J.
Food chemistry 2019 v.271 pp. 433-439
Salvia hispanica, Thermomyces lanuginosus, adsorption, biocatalysts, carboxylic ester hydrolases, catalytic activity, coatings, esters, ethanolysis, fatty acids, hydrophobicity, industrial applications, liquids, polyethylene, seed oils
Enzymatic synthesis of fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEE) from chia (Salvia hispanica L.) oil has been performed with different modified derivatives and compared with commercial immobilized lipases to produce omega-3 rich FAEE. Therefore, the main objective was to synthesize omega-3 esters from chia oil catalysed by polyethylene glycol-modified lipases using a biocatalyst with higher stability than commercial derivatives. Lipase from Thermomyces lanuginosus (TLL) was immobilized by hydrophobic adsorption on Sepabeads C-18 followed by a physicochemical coating of lipase surface with a dense layer of PEG. Ethanolysis reactions were carried out using pressurized liquid extracted chia seed oil and with different lipase derivatives to compare the omega-3 FAEE yield and ratio of reaction products, which were analysed by HPLC-ELSD. Furthermore, reutilization of lipase derivatives was studied to evaluate the stability after several reaction cycles to minimize decreasing of catalytic activity and develop a feasible enzymatic process for food industrial applications.