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Multi-criteria decision support system with negotiation process for vehicle technology selection

Al-Alawi, Baha M., Coker, Alexander D.
Energy 2018 v.157 pp. 278-296
consumer satisfaction, decision support systems, economic evaluation, energy, greenhouse gas emissions, greenhouse gases, industry, issues and policy, laws and regulations, markets, models, multi-criteria decision making, planning, transportation
Decision Makers (DMs) in vehicle technology transportation planning, seek to understand the impact of a given technology on energy use and GHG emissions. There are decision making processes to evaluate technology solutions to meet policy maker requirements, others that evaluate technologies to satisfy consumer requirements, and others that evaluate technologies that provide the automaker with a profit. However, there does not appear to be a decision making process that incorporates all such evaluations into one model. The ideal process should incorporate economic evaluation, market diffusion and government regulations. The aim of this paper is to try and help get closer to such an ideal process, by developing an interactive Decision Support System (DSS), that incorporates as much pertinent information and modeling results published in the available literature as possible. The DSS will have all DM inputs incorporated and generate a ranking of technologies and/or scenario alternatives. The generated results will initiate a negotiation process that will help DMs understand the tradeoffs between different key parameters. Thus, the tool will enable a qualitative and quantitative comparison that provides important information to DMs, to systematically define preferred vehicle design and/or technology scenario to meet the requirements of policy, society, industry and consumers.