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Bi- and bisbibenzyls from the roots of Dichapetalum heudelotii and their antiproliferative activities

Osei-Safo, Dorcas, Dziwornu, Godwin Akpeko, Salgado, Antonio, Sunassee, Suthananda Naidu, Chama, Mary Anti
Fitoterapia 2017 v.122 pp. 95-100
Dichapetalum, adenocarcinoma, cell lines, cell viability, ethyl acetate, humans, lymphoma, medicinal plants, neoplasm cells, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, paclitaxel, roots, viability assays
Two new bisbibenzyls, heudelotol A (1) and B (2), along with the known bibenzyls, (E)-combretastatin A-1 (3) and combretastatin B-1 (4) have been isolated from the ethyl acetate extract of the roots of Dichapetalum heudelotii. Structure elucidation of all four isolated compounds was achieved using UV, IR, 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy and HR-Mass Spectrometry. The compounds exhibited varying antiproliferative activity against six cancer cell lines using the CellTiter-Glo® Luminiscent Cell Viability Assay. Compound 3 was found to be the most active with sub-micromolar growth inhibition concentrations against all the cell lines (GI50 0.03–0.72μM). However, it was about ten-fold less active than the positive control, taxol. The new bisbibenzyls heudelotol A and B exhibited good activity against human pancreatic adenocarcinoma (GI50 9.04μM) and Burkitt's lymphoma (GI50 4.67μM) respectively, and average activity against the other cancer cell lines.