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Comparison of ROC Feature Selection Method for the Detection of Decay in Citrus Fruit Using Hyperspectral Images

Lorente, D., Blasco, J., Serrano, A. J., Soria-Olivas, E., Aleixos, N., Gómez-Sanchis, J.
Food and bioprocess technology 2013 v.6 no.12 pp. 3613-3619
Citrus, fungi, hyperspectral imagery, image analysis, lighting, mandarins, selection methods, wavelengths
Hyperspectral imaging systems allow to detect the initial stages of decay caused by fungi in citrus fruit automatically, instead of doing it manually under dangerous ultraviolet illumination, thus preventing the fungal infestation of other sound fruit and, consequently, the enormous economical losses generated. However, these systems present the disadvantage of generating a huge amount of data, which is necessary to select for achieving some result useful for the sector. There are numerous feature selection methods to reduce dimensionality of hyperspectral images. This work compares a feature selection method using the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve with other common feature selection techniques, in order to select an optimal set of wavelengths effective in the detection of decay in a citrus fruit using hyperspectral images. This comparative study is done using images of mandarins with the pixels labelled in five different classes: two types of healthy skin, two types of decay and scars, ensuring that the ROC technique generally provides better results than the other methods.