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Improving enzymatic saccharification of eucalyptus with a pretreatment process using MgCl2

Yang, Qiulin, Huo, Dan, Si, Chuanling, Fang, Guigan, Liu, Qiujuan, Hou, Qingxi, Chen, Xiaoqian, Zhang, Fengshan
Industrial crops and products 2018 v.123 pp. 401-406
Eucalyptus, activation energy, biomass, cellulose, corrosion, enzymatic hydrolysis, equipment, hemicellulose, magnesium chloride, saccharification
Pretreatment using an acid salt is a novel technology for biomass conversion, which not only improves the following enzymatic efficiency but also decreases the equipment corrosion. In the present work, MgCl2 was used as a pretreatment for enzymatic saccharification. After pretreatment, the solid substrate (SS) and pretreatment liquor (PL) were characterized, and the SS was enzymatically hydrolyzed to evaluate the conversion yield of cellulose (CYC). The results showed that the pretreatment using MgCl2 had a strong degradation effect on hemicellulose, whose removal rate was nearly 100% in certain cases. After pretreatment, the efficiency of the enzymatic SS saccharification increased, such that the CYC was as high as 99.5%. The degradation kinetics of hemicellulose and cellulose both followed first-order homogeneous reactions, and the reaction activation energies Ea were 46.63 kJ/mol and 82.26 kJ/mol, respectively. The suitable pretreatment conditions were as follows: 0.2 mol/L MgCl2 at 210 °C for 20 min.