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Determination of changes in the concentration and distribution of elements within olive drupes (cv. Leccino) from Se biofortified plants, using laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry

D'Amato, Roberto, Petrelli, Maurizio, Proietti, Primo, Onofri, Andrea, Regni, Luca, Perugini, Diego, Businelli, Daniela
Journal of the science of food and agriculture 2018 v.98 no.13 pp. 4971-4977
Olea europaea, atomic absorption spectrometry, biofortification, chromium, copper, enriched foods, flowering, food crops, fruits, human nutrition, iron, magnesium, manganese, mineral content, olives, potassium, selenium, sodium selenate, stone fruits
BACKGROUND: Biofortification of food crops has been used to increase the intake of Se in the human diet, even though this may change the concentration of other elements and modify the nutritional properties of the enriched food. Selenium biofortification programs should include routine assessment of the overall mineral composition of enriched plants. RESULTS: Laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA ICP‐MS) was used for the assessment of mineral composition of table olives. Olive trees were fertilized with sodium selenate before flowering. At harvest, the edible parts of drupes proved to be significantly enriched in Se, delivering 6.1 μg g⁻¹ (39% of the RDA for five olives). Such enrichment was followed by significant changes in the concentrations of B, Mg, K, Cr, Mn, Fe and Cu in edible parts, which are discussed for their impact on food quality. CONCLUSION: The biofortification of olive plants has allowed the enrichment of fruits with selenium. Enrichment with selenium has caused an increase in the concentration of other elements, which can change the nutritional quality of the drupes. The analytical technique used well as a valuable tool for routinely determining the chemical composition of all fruit parts. © 2018 Society of Chemical Industry