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ABE production from yellow poplar through alkaline pre-hydrolysis, enzymatic saccharification, and fermentation

Cho, Dae Haeng, Shin, Soo-Jeong, Sang, Byoung-In, Eom, Moon-Ho, Kim, Yong Hwan
Biotechnology and bioprocess engineering 2013 v.18 no.5 pp. 965-971
Clostridium acetobutylicum, Liriodendron tulipifera, acetic acid, biomass, enzymatic hydrolysis, fermentation, furfural, glucose, hydrolysates, hydroxymethylfurfural, lignin, phenolic compounds, raw materials, saccharification, xylan, xylose
ABE (acetone-butanol-ethanol) was produced through alkaline pre-hydrolysis, enzymatic saccharification, and fermentation using yellow poplar as a raw material. In alkaline pre-hydrolysis, 51.1% of the biomass remained as a residue. In the main woody components, the degrees of lignin and xylan removal were 94.3 and 62.0%, respectively. A yield of 80.9% for cellulose-to-glucose and 81.2% for xylan-to-xylose were obtained by enzymatic hydrolysis. The sugar composition of enzymatic hydrolysate was 95.1 g/L of glucose and 21.4 g/L of xylose. The enzymatic hydrolysate also contained 0.5 g/L of acetic acid and 0.5 g/L of total phenolics. Furfural and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF) were not detected in this hydrolysate. The yellow poplar hydrolysate (YPH) from enzymatic saccharification was used for the production of ABE using Clostridium acetobutylicum and C. beijerinckii. In YPH fermentation, C. acetobutylicum produced 18.1 g/L total ABE (productivity 0.38 g/L h, and yield 0.42), and C. beijerinckii produced 12.1 g/L (productivity 0.25 g/L h, and yield 0.37). Although the ABE productivity by C. beijerinckii was slightly low, the general performance of ABE fermentation in YPH was similar to or higher than those reported previously. Therefore, alkaline pre-hydrolysis could be a very effective pretreatment step prior to enzymatic hydrolysis.