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Protective effect of the imidazoline I2 receptor agonist 2-BFI on oxidative cytotoxicity in astrocytes

Choi, Dong-Hee, Yun, Ji Hee, Lee, Jongmin
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2018 v.503 no.4 pp. 3011-3016
agonists, astrocytes, autophagy, brain, brain damage, cytotoxicity, hydrogen peroxide, lysozyme, neurons, oxidative stress, protective effect, rats
Astrocytes perform a variety of functions that are important for normal neuronal activity and recovery after brain injury. Because astrocytes are very vulnerable to H2O2, protection of astrocytes from oxidative damage in various neurological diseases is important in maintaining brain function and preventing brain damage. In this study, we investigated the characteristics and mechanisms of a specific imidazoline I2 receptor agonist 2-BFI-mediated cytoprotection using a rat astrocyte cultures of H2O2-exposed oxidative stress. Here we show that 2-BFI in H2O2-exposed astrocytes protects cell death through increased lysosomal membrane stability, LC3-II conversion, and subsequently suppresses accumulation of p62. These effects of 2-BFI were significantly reversed after treatment with the lysozyme activity inhibitor Bafilomycin A1. These results suggest that the cytoprotective effects of 2-BFI, which increases lysosomal stability in oxidative stress, may involve regulation of lysosomal-associated membrane protein-dependent autophagy and autolysosome degradation in astrocytes.