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Characterization of functional properties of proteins from Ganxet beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L. var. Ganxet) isolated using an ultrasound-assisted methodology

Author:
Lafarga, Tomás, Álvarez, Carlos, Bobo, Gloria, Aguiló-Aguayo, Ingrid
Source:
Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft + [i.e. und] Technologie 2018 v.98 pp. 106-112
ISSN:
0023-6438
Subject:
beans, emulsifying properties, oils, pH, protein concentrates, sodium hydroxide, solubilization, sonication, ultrasonic treatment
Abstract:
This study investigated different methods of extraction of protein from Ganxet beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L. var. Ganxet) and evaluated the functional properties of these valuable proteins. Overall, ultrasound processing (40 kHz, 250 W) resulted in higher yields and increased percentages of material solubilized and proteins recovered. The highest percentage of recovered protein was obtained after extraction using 0.4 M NaOH followed by ultrasound processing for 60 min and was calculated as 78.73 ± 4.88% (p < 0.05). Extraction using 0.4 M NaOH followed by sonication for 60 min resulted in the highest yield and percentage of solubilized material calculated as 37.98 ± 0.02 and 54.58 ± 0.19%, respectively (p < 0.05). The water- and oil-holding capacities of the Ganxet protein concentrate were calculated as 2.33 ± 0.12 and 2.69 ± 0.32 g of water or oil per g of protein concentrate, respectively. The highest emulsifying capacity was observed at pH 8.0 and was calculated as 69.4 ± 0.8%.
Agid:
6114103