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Placental and uterine expression of GLUT3, but not GLUT1, is related with serum progesterone levels during the first stages of pregnancy in queens
- Ferré-Dolcet, Lluís, Yeste, Marc, Vendrell, Meritxell, Rigau, Teresa, Rodríguez-Gil, Joan Enric, Rivera del Álamo, Maria Montserrat
- Theriogenology 2018 v.121 pp. 82-90
- blood serum, endometrium, epithelium, glucose, immunoblotting, immunohistochemistry, myometrium, placenta, pregnancy, progesterone
- The present study investigated the expression of GLUT1 and GLUT3 in the uterus and placental transference zone of non-pregnant and pregnant queens throughout different pregnancy ages, using immunohistochemistry and immunoblotting techniques. Both GLUT1 and GLUT3 were expressed in both uterine glandular and luminal epithelia and myometrium in pregnant and non-pregnant queens. While endometrial endothelia showed expression of GLUT1 in both pregnant and non-pregnant queens, GLUT3 was only expressed in the pregnant counterparts. Regarding placental structures, GLUT3 was present in cytotrophoblasts, syncytiotrophoblasts and chorionic endothelia and GLUT1 showed a similar location but was absent in cytotrophoblasts. The presence of GLUT1 (55 kDa) and GLUT3 (60 kDa) was confirmed in both uterine and placental tissues through immunoblotting. When the expression of both GLUT1 and GLUT3 were analysed as a whole in the total of the pregnancy period, no significant differences in the relative content of both GLUTs were observed between pregnant and non-pregnant queens. However, when GLUTs expression was analysed in a time-period basis and related with progesterone levels, results were different. Thus, whereas the relative content of GLUT1 showed no correlation with serum progesterone levels, a significant (P < 0.05) and negative correlation was found between the relative GLUT3-content in the uterus on days 30 and 40 of pregnancy as well as in the placental transference zone on day 30 and serum progesterone levels. In summary, our results indicate that whereas GLUT1 could be considered as a basal, constant sugar intake system for the whole of pregnancy in queens, GLUT3 is specially required for optimizing glucose uptake during the first half of pregnancy in this species through a progesterone-related mechanism.