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Multifunctional melanin-like nanoparticles for bone-targeted chemo-photothermal therapy of malignant bone tumors and osteolysis

Author:
Wang, Yitong, Huang, Quan, He, Xiao, Chen, Hui, Zou, Yuan, Li, Yiwen, Lin, Kaili, Cai, Xiaopan, Xiao, Jianru, Zhang, Qiang, Cheng, Yiyun
Source:
Biomaterials 2018 v.183 pp. 10-19
ISSN:
0142-9612
Subject:
bone resorption, bones, drugs, hydroxyapatite, irradiation, magnetism, nanomedicine, nanoparticles, neoplasms, photochemotherapy, temperature
Abstract:
Malignant bone tumors associated with aggressive osteolysis are currently hard to be cured by the clinical strategies. Nevertheless, nanomedicine might provide a promising therapeutic opportunity. Here, we developed a multifunctional melanin-like nanoparticle for bone-targeted chemo-photothermal treatment of malignant bone tumors. The particle was originally fabricated from alendronate-conjugated polydopamine nanoparticle (PDA-ALN) that exhibited excellent photothermal effect and high affinity to hydroxyapatite. PDA/Fe-ALN significantly enhanced the magnetic resonance contrast of the bone tumors in vivo, suggesting that more PDA-ALN accumulated at the osteolytic bone lesions in the tumors compared with the non-targeting PDA. Chemodrug SN38 was efficiently loaded on PDA-ALN, and the drug release could be triggered by near-infrared irradiation and acidic stimulus. Finally, the combined chemo-photothermal therapy efficiently suppressed the growth of bone tumors and reduced the osteolytic damage of bones at a mild temperature around 43 °C. This study provides an efficient and robust nanotherapeutics for the treatment of malignant bone tumors.
Agid:
6114792