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Arabinoxylan content and characterisation throughout the bread‐baking process

Kiszonas, Alecia M., Fuerst, E. Patrick, Luthria, Devanand, Morris, Craig F.
International journal of food science & technology 2015 v.50 no.8 pp. 1911-1921
Triticum aestivum, arabinose, arabinoxylan, baking, bread dough, breads, breeding, carbohydrate content, heat treatment, loaves, wheat, wheat flour, whole grain flour, xylose
End‐use quality of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is influenced in a variety of ways by nonstarch polysaccharides, especially arabinoxylan (AX). The objective of this study was to track total and water‐extractable AX (TAX and WEAX, respectively) throughout the bread‐baking process, using wholemeal and refined flour. The TAX and WEAX content and the ratio of arabinose: xylose were assessed in flour, mixed dough, proofed dough and the bread loaf, which was separated into crumb, upper crust and bottom crust. Changes in TAX during the baking process differed between the refined flour and wholemeal samples, suggesting a change in the TAX availability which we ascribe to molecular interactions and heat treatment. WEAX content dramatically decreased during baking, suggesting that oxidative cross‐linkages rendered it unextractable. Higher levels of WEAX and lower levels of arabinose substitution were correlated with higher loaf volumes for refined flour among the hard wheat varieties. Having a better understanding of the importance of both WEAX content and arabinose substitution allows for directed breeding efforts towards improved hard wheat varieties for optimum bread baking.