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The use of calcined seashell for the prevention of char foaming/agglomeration and the production of high-quality oil during the pyrolysis of lignin

Lee, Hyung Won, Kim, Young-Min, Jae, Jungho, Lee, Soo Min, Jung, Sang-Chul, Park, Young-Kwon
Renewable energy 2019 v.144 pp. 147-152
X-ray diffraction, calcium oxide, foaming, lignin, mussels, oils, phenols, pyrolysis, renewable energy sources, shell (molluscs), temperature, thermogravimetry, wastes
Calcined waste seashell powder from cockles and mussels was used as the pretreatment materials for kraft lignin (KL), and their impacts on the pyrolysis behavior of KL were examined using a laboratory-scale fixed bed reactor and thermogravimetric analysis. The highest intensity of the CaO peak was observed on the XRD patterns of the seashell obtained from the calcination of mussel shells at 800 °C (M8). Char foaming was not detected when the water treated KL/seashell were pyrolyzed at 500 °C. In contrast, severe char foaming and agglomeration were observed when KL alone and a physical mixture of M8 and KL (KL/M8-mix) were pyrolyzed at the same temperature. The pyrolysis of water-treated KL/M8 (KL/M8/water) also produced much higher quality oil than those of KL alone or the KL/M8 mixture, showing higher selectivity to light phenols and aromatics. The decomposition temperature of KL was also decreased using M8 with water due to the catalytic effect of calcium oxide.