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Bioaugmentation with Clostridium tyrobutyricum to improve butyric acid production through direct rice straw bioconversion

Chi, Xue, Li, Jianzheng, Wang, Xin, Zhang, Yafei, Leu, Shao-Yuan, Wang, Ying
Bioresource technology 2018 v.263 pp. 562-568
Clostridium tyrobutyricum, bacteria, bacterial communities, bioaugmentation, biomass, bioprocessing, biorefining, biotransformation, butyric acid, fermentation, hexanoic acid, hydrolysis, lignocellulose, process design, rice straw
One-pot bioconversion is an economically attractive biorefinery strategy to reduce enzyme consumption. Direct conversion of lignocellulosic biomass for butyric acid production is still challenging because of competition among microorganisms. In a consolidated hydrolysis/fermentation bioprocessing (CBP) the microbial structure may eventually prefer the production of caproic acid rather than butyric acid production. This paper presents a new bioaugmentation approach for high butyric acid production from rice straw. By dosing 0.03 g/L of Clostridium tyrobutyricum ATCC 25755 in the CBP, an increase of 226% higher butyric acid was yielded. The selectivity and concentration also increased to 60.7% and 18.05 g/L, respectively. DNA-sequencing confirmed the shift of bacterial community in the augmented CBP. Butyric acid producer was enriched in the bioaugmented bacterial community and the bacteria related to long chain acids production was degenerated. The findings may be useful in future research and process design to enhance productivity of desired bio-products.