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Slow pyrolysis polygeneration of bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens): Product yield prediction and biochar formation mechanism

Wang, Huihui, Wang, Xin, Cui, Yanshan, Xue, Zhongcai, Ba, Yuxin
Bioresource technology 2018 v.263 pp. 444-449
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Phyllostachys edulis, X-ray diffraction, bamboos, biochar, biomass, carbonization, cellulose, condensation reactions, energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, hemicellulose, lignin, models, pyrolysis, scanning electron microscopy, temperature, yield forecasting
Slow pyrolysis of bamboo was conducted at 400–600 °C and pyrolysis products were characterized with FTIR, BET, XRD, SEM, EDS and GC to establish a pyrolysis product yield prediction model and biochar formation mechanism. Pyrolysis biochar yield was predicted based on content of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin in biomass with their carbonization index of 0.20, 0.35 and 0.45. The formation mechanism of porous structure in pyrolysis biochar was established based on its physicochemical property evolution and emission characteristics of pyrolysis gas. The main components (cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin) had different pyrolysis or chemical reaction pathways to biochar. Lignin had higher aromatic structure, which resulted higher biochar yield. It was the main biochar precursor during biomass pyrolysis. Cellulose was likely to improve porous structure of pyrolysis biochar due to its high mass loss percentage. Higher pyrolysis temperatures (600 °C) promoted inter- and intra-molecular condensation reactions and aromaticity in biochar.