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Effects of hydraulic retention time on process performance of anaerobic side-stream reactor coupled membrane bioreactors: Kinetic model, sludge reduction mechanism and microbial community structures

Jiang, Lu-Man, Zhou, Zhen, Niu, Tianhao, Jiang, Lingyan, Chen, Guang, Pang, Hongjian, Zhao, Xiaodan, Qiu, Zhan
Bioresource technology 2018 v.267 pp. 218-226
bacteria, biomass, community structure, hydrolysis, kinetics, membrane bioreactors, microbial communities, nitrogen, sludge, tanks
An anoxic/oxic membrane bioreactor (AO-MBR) and three anaerobic side-stream reactor (ASSR) coupled MBRs (ASSR-MBR) were operated to investigate the effects of hydraulic retention time of ASSR (HRTA) and to elucidate sludge reduction mechanisms in ASSR-MBRs. Increasing HRTA from 3.3 to 6.6 h improved nitrogen removal, and enhanced sludge reduction from 8.0% to 40.9% in ASSR-MBR. The sludge decay coefficient was 0.0221 d−1 in MBRs, and 0.0231–0.0345 d−1 in ASSRs. The measured lysis rate coefficient of heterotrophic biomass was 0.083–0.112 d−1 in MBRs and 0.079–0.111 d−1 in ASSRs. The hydrolysis rate coefficient of inactive particulate organic matters (POMs) in ASSRs significantly exceeded that in the MBR. At HRTA of 6.6 h, POMs hydrolysis in ASSR (38.6%) is the dominant route of sludge reduction, and cell lysis occurred principally in aerobic tanks. Illumina-MiSeq sequencing showed ASSR-MBRs enriched hydrolytic and fermentative bacteria, and confirmed that anaerobic hydrolysis contributed most to sludge reduction.