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Optimization of sugar recovery from rapeseed straw pretreated with FeCl3
- Romero, Inmaculada, López-Linares, Juan C., Moya, Manuel, Castro, Eulogio
- Bioresource technology 2018 v.268 pp. 204-211
- enzymatic hydrolysis, experimental design, ferric chloride, liquids, rapeseed, salt concentration, straw, sugars, temperature
- In this work, rapeseed straw was pretreated with FeCl3 to achieve high sugar recoveries. Temperature (120–160 °C), and FeCl3 concentration (0.1–0.3 M) were selected as factors and modified according to a central composite experimental design. The pretreatment conditions were expressed using the combined severity, which ranged from −0.12 to 2.29. Considering a double criterion that maximizes simultaneously the recovery of hemicellulosic sugars in the liquid fraction from pretreatment and the enzymatic hydrolysis yield, the optimal conditions were found to be 138 °C and 0.25 M salt concentration. The FeCl3 pretreatment of rapeseed straw under these optimized conditions resulted in 75% hemicellulosic sugar recovery and 53% enzymatic hydrolysis yield. Thereby, 100 g dry rapeseed straw yielded 37.8 g sugars, equivalent to 70% maximum potential sugar in rapeseed straw.