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Comparison of phytochemical profiles and antiproliferative activities of different proanthocyanidins fractions from Choerospondias axillaris fruit peels

Li, Qian, Liu, Chengmei, Li, Ti, McClements, David Julian, Fu, Yinxin, Liu, Jiyan
Food research international 2018 v.113 pp. 298-308
apoptosis, caspase-3, caspase-8, caspase-9, cell viability, chemoprevention, colorectal neoplasms, epidemiological studies, fruit peels, human cell lines, inhibitory concentration 50, matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization mass spectrometry, phytopharmaceuticals, polymerization, proanthocyanidins, procyanidins
Epidemiological studies had indicated that the incidence of colorectal cancer is inversely correlated to the consumption of proanthocyanidins (PAs). In this study, five PAs fractions isolated from Choerospondias axillaris fruit peels with different mean degree of polymerization (mDP) were characterized and their antiproliferative effects on Caco-2 cells were investigated. MALDI-TOF-MS results indicated that PAs fractions were composed of procyanidins with DP up to 13-mers. All PAs fractions induced dose and time-dependent reductions of Caco-2 cell viability. The IC50 values of PAs fractions with increasing mDP were 240 ± 16.0, 143 ± 9.53, 87.0 ± 3.55, 44.3 ± 4.89, and 42.8 ± 2.20 μg/mL after 24 h incubation, respectively. The observed reduction in Caco-2 cell viability was due to apoptosis via the activation of caspase-9, caspase-3, caspase-8 and the elevation of intracellular ROS generation. Moreover, the extent of the reduction in cell viability after exposure to PAs fractions was positively correlated with their mDP and galloylation. These results indicate that Choerospondias axillaris peel is a potential source of natural chemopreventive agents for the treatment of colorectal cancer.