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Membrane-Free Electrokinetic Device Integrated to Electrospray-Ionization Mass Spectrometry for the Simultaneous Removal of Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate and Enrichment of Peptides

Author:
Tubaon, Ria Marni, Haddad, Paul R., Quirino, Joselito P.
Source:
Analytical chemistry 2018 v.90 no.17 pp. 10122-10127
ISSN:
1520-6882
Subject:
bovine serum albumin, bradykinin, capillary electrophoresis, electric field, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, micelles, proteomics, sodium dodecyl sulfate
Abstract:
The removal of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) in SDS-assisted proteomics with electrospray-ionization-mass-spectrometric (ESI-MS) analysis is an essential step in the analysis. Off-line state-of-the-art sample-preparation strategies can allow 100% removal of DS– and up to 100% peptide recoveries. These strategies, however, are typically laborious and require long analysis times and a complex experimental setup. Here, we developed a simple, membrane-free, electrokinetic, on-line, integrated SDS removal–ESI-MS device that was able to enhance ESI-MS signals of bradykinin and peptides from trypsin-digested bovine serum albumin (BSA) in samples that contained SDS micelles. The significant peptide-signal improvements were contributed by the complete removal of DS– and the enrichment of the peptides in the presence of an electric field. Enrichment was via micelle-to-solvent stacking, initially developed in capillary electrophoresis. Bradykinin percent recovery was 800%, and BSA peptide percent recovery was 87%. Enhancement factors in ESI-MS signals (after and before removal) for selected m/z values of peptides from the BSA digest were 535–693.
Agid:
6116408