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Electrochemiluminescence Energy Resonance Transfer System between RuSi Nanoparticles and Hollow Au Nanocages for Nucleic Acid Detection

Lu, Hai-Jie, Pan, Jian-Bin, Wang, Yin-Zhu, Ji, Si-Yuan, Zhao, Wei, Luo, Xi-Liang, Xu, Jing-Juan, Chen, Hong-Yuan
Analytical chemistry 2018 v.90 no.17 pp. 10434-10441
DNA, bioassays, biosensors, electrochemiluminescence, energy transfer, gold, nanogold, nanoparticles, ruthenium, silica, spectral analysis, surface plasmon resonance
This paper describes an electrochemiluminescence resonance energy transfer (ECL-RET) system using Ru(bpy)₃²⁺-doped silica nanoparticles (RuSi NPs) as the ECL donor and hollow Au nanocages as the ECL acceptor. Tetrahedron DNA (TD) was used to construct the biosensing interface and control the distance (4.8 nm) between the ECL donor–acceptor pairs. The surface plasmon resonance (SPR) nanostructures, Au nanocages were assembled via the hairpin based sandwich assay. Due to the well overlap between the plasmon absorption spectrum of Au nanocages (628 nm) and the ECL emission spectrum of RuSi NPs (620 nm), high efficient energy transfer could occur. Subsequent cyclic DNA amplification further increased the binding amount of Au nanocages. Since the ECL inhibition is closely related with the binding amount of Au nanocages, a general “signal-off” ECL bioassay could thus be tailored with high sensitivity. At the optimized conditions, this ECL-RET system performed well with great stability and repeatability for nucleic acid detection in the range from 1.0 fM to 10 pM. This work manifested the great promise of hollow Au nanocages for an ECL-RET biosensor that to the best of our knowledge has not been reported. We believe that it could inspire more interest in the design and development of numerous other SPR nanostructures for advanced ECL-RET biosensors.