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Performance of ceria/iron oxide nano-composites based on chitosan as an effective adsorbent for removal of Cr(VI) and Co(II) ions from aqueous systems

Farokhi, Morshed, Parvareh, Arsalan, Moraveji, Mostafa Keshavarz
Environmental science and pollution research international 2018 v.25 no.27 pp. 27059-27073
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, adsorbents, adsorption, batch systems, ceric oxide, chitosan, chromium, cobalt, ions, iron oxides, models, nanocomposites, nitric acid, pH, scanning electron microscopy, sodium hydroxide, sorption isotherms, temperature, thermodynamics, thermogravimetry, transmission electron microscopy
A novel chitosan/ceria/iron oxide (CS/ceria/Fe₃O₄) nano-composite adsorbent was synthesized for removal of Cr(VI) and Co(II) ions from aqueous systems in a batch system. The adsorbents were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), and Brunauer- Emmett-Teller (BET) analyses. The behavior of swelling kinetics was also studied. The effect of several adsorption parameters including CeO₂ and Fe₃O₄ contents, initial pH, contact time, initial Cr(VI) and Co(II) concentration, and temperature on the adsorption capacity was studied. The double exponential model revealed a better fit with the kinetic data of Cr(VI) and Co(II) ions. The Cr(VI) and Co(II) adsorption process well fitted the Langmuir model. The maximum adsorption capacities estimated from Langmuir isotherm model were 315.4 and 260.6 mg/g for Cr(VI) and Co(II) ions, respectively. Also, thermodynamic parameters were used to distinguish the nature of Cr(VI) and Co(II) adsorption. The reusability of CS/ceria/Fe₃O₄ nano-composite was evaluated with stripping agents of 0.1 M NaOH and 0.1 M HNO₃. Finally, the evaluation of Cr(VI)-Co(II) coexisting system confirmed that the presence of Co(II) ions played an inhibitor role on the Cr(VI) adsorption.