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Mycotoxin Biomarkers of Exposure: A Comprehensive Review
- Vidal, Arnau, Mengelers, Marcel, Yang, Shupeng, De Saeger, Sarah, De Boevre, Marthe
- Comprehensive reviews in food science and food safety 2018 v.17 no.5 pp. 1127-1155
- T-2 toxin, acute exposure, aflatoxins, biomarkers, blood, citrinin, deoxynivalenol, diacetoxyscirpenol, fumonisins, fusarenon-X, mass spectrometry, metabolism, metabolites, nivalenol, ochratoxin A, sterigmatocystin, urine, xenobiotics, zearalenone
- To date, the use of biomarkers has become generally accepted. Biomarker‐driven research has been proposed as a successful method to assess the exposure to xenobiotics by using concentrations of the parent compounds and/or metabolites in biological matrices such as urine or blood. However, the identification and validation of biomarkers of exposure remain a challenge. Recent advances in high‐resolution mass spectrometry along with new analytical (post‐acquisition data‐mining) techniques will improve the quality and output of the biomarker identification process. Chronic or even acute exposure to mycotoxins remains a daily fact, and therefore it is crucial that the mycotoxins’ metabolism is unravelled so more knowledge on biomarkers in humans and animals is acquired. This review aims to provide the scientific community with a comprehensive overview of reported in vitro and in vivo mycotoxin metabolism studies in relation to biomarkers of exposure for deoxynivalenol, nivalenol, fusarenon‐X, T‐2 toxin, diacetoxyscirpenol, ochratoxin A, citrinin, fumonisins, zearalenone, aflatoxins, and sterigmatocystin.