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Dye removal by eco-friendly physically cross-linked double network polymer hydrogel beads and their functionalized composites
- Kong, Yan, Zhuang, Yuan, Han, Zhiyong, Yu, Jianwei, Shi, Baoyou, Han, Kun, Hao, Haotian
- Journal of environmental sciences (China) 2019 v.78 pp. 81-91
- activated carbon, adsorption, catalysts, crosslinking, electrostatic interactions, graphene oxide, heat production, hydrogels, iron oxides, methylene blue, pollutants, polymers, sorption isotherms, wastewater treatment
- Hydrogels have attracted large attention in wastewater treatment fields due to their low-cost and good interaction with pollutants, among which novel double network hydrogel is an outstanding class. To expand the application of double network hydrogel in water treatment, in this study, eco-friendly physically cross-linked double network polymer hydrogel beads (DAP) are prepared and studied in depth on the mechanism of Methylene Blue (MB) adsorption; and then the polymer hydrogels are further functionalized by inorganic materials. MB adsorption on DAP favors alkaline condition which is due to the increase of electrostatic attraction and adsorption site, and it reaches equilibrium within 10 hr, which is faster than that of the single network hydrogel beads (SAP). Through thermodynamics study, the process shows to be an exothermic and spontaneous process. The adsorption isotherms are well fitted by Langmuir model, with a maximum monolayer adsorption capacity of 1437.48 mg/g, which is larger than SAP (1255.75 mg/g). After being functionalized with common inorganic materials including activated carbon, Fe3O4 and graphene oxide (GO), the composites show to have larger pore sizes and have obvious increases in adsorption capacity especially the one contains GO. Then the composites contains Fe3O4 are used as heterogeneous Fenton catalyst which shows to have excellent performance in MB degradation. The results indicate the potential of polymer double network to be functionalized in environmental areas.