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Identification and characterization of two LBP/BPI genes involved in innate immunity from Hyriopsis cumingii

Hu, Baoqing, Wen, Chungen, Zhang, Ming, Jian, Shaoqing, Yang, Gang
Fish & shellfish immunology 2017 v.60 pp. 436-446
Aeromonas hydrophila, Gram-negative bacteria, Hyriopsis cumingii, amino acids, antibacterial properties, complementary DNA, fish, gene expression, gene expression regulation, genes, hemocytes, hepatopancreas, immune response, innate immunity, messenger RNA, mussels, nucleotide sequences, protein secretion, shellfish, signal peptide, tissues
Lipopolysaccharide-binding protein and bactericidal permeability-increasing protein (LBP/BPI) play crucial role in modulating cellular signals in response to Gram-negative bacteria infection. In the present study, two isoforms of LBP/BPI genes, designated as HcLBP/BPI1 and HcLBP/BPI2, respectively, were cloned from the mussel Hyriopsis cumingii by RACE approach. The full-length cDNA sequences of HcLBP/BPI1 and HcLBP/BPI2 were 1887 and 2227 bp and encoded two secreted proteins of 501 and 518 amino acid residues, respectively. The deduced amino acid of HcLBP/BPI1 and HcLBP/BPI2 contained several conserved domains, such as signal peptide, two BPI/LBP and one central domain. Phylogentic analysis further supported that HcLBP/BPI1 and HcLBP/BPI2 belonged to new members of invertebrate LBP/BPI family. The mRNA transcripts of HcLBP/BPI1 and HcLBP/BPI2 were ubiquitously expressed in all examined tissues, and the expression level of HcLBP/BPI1 was higher than that of HcLBP/BPI2. The mRNA expression of HcLBP/BPI1 in hepatopancreas and hemocytes was significantly up-regulate after Aeromonas hydrophila and LPS challenge, and HcLBP/BPI2 in hepatopancreas was only up-regulated at 6 and 12 h after LPS challenge and at 12 h after A. hydrophila challenge. In addition, the recombinant HcLBP/BPIs displayed antibacterial activity against Gram-negative bacteria, and the antibacterial index of HcLBP/BPI1 was higher than that of HcLBP/BPI2. These results indicated that HcLBP/BPI1 and HcLBP/BPI2 probably played distinct roles in bacterial mediating immune response in Mollusca.