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Effect of emergence time on the reproductive parameters of mass-reared Anastrepha ludens (Diptera: Tephritidae) flies

Quintero-Fong, Luis, Orozco-Dávila, Dina
Journal of Asia-Pacific entomology 2018 v.21 no.3 pp. 947-951
Anastrepha ludens, adults, body size, environmental factors, fecundity, females, fruit flies, larvae, males, mass rearing, oviposition, reproductive performance, sex ratio
In the mass rearing of fruit flies, the adult emergence time is gradual, due to factors such as variation in food consumption in the larval phase, the female oviposition behavior and environmental conditions, among others. Here, we investigate the effect of emergence time on sex ratio, fecundity, fertility, body size and mating performance in mass-reared Anastrepha ludens (Diptera: Tephritidae) flies. The results of the study indicated that the emergence of the flies is gradual and lasts approximately 96 h, but the highest proportion of emerged flies was observed at 48 h. The flies emerging at 24 and 48 h showed higher fecundity than those emerging at 72 and 96 h, but there were no significant differences in the sex ratio, fertility and male mating performance. Body size was significant, the flies that emerged at 24, 48 and 72 h were bigger than those emerged at 96 h. The discussion focuses on the effect of emergence time on the rearing processes and release of the Mexican fruit fly.