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Ralstonia eutropha Q2-8 reduces wheat plant above-ground tissue cadmium and arsenic uptake and increases the expression of the plant root cell wall organization and biosynthesis-related proteins

Wang, Xiao-Han, Wang, Qi, Nie, Zong-Wei, He, Lin-Yan, Sheng, Xia-Fang
Environmental pollution 2018 v.242 pp. 1488-1499
Cupriavidus necator, Triticum aestivum, arsenic, bioaccumulation, biosynthesis, cadmium, cell walls, energy, energy metabolism, gene expression regulation, growth chambers, phytomass, proteins, roots, seedlings, toxicity, wheat
In this study, the molecular mechanisms involved in Ralstonia eutropha Q2-8-induced increased biomass and reduced cadmium (Cd) and arsenic (As) uptake in wheat plants (Triticum aestivum cv. Yangmai 16) were investigated in growth chambers. Strain Q2-8 significantly increased plant biomass (22–75%) without and with Cd (5 μM) + As (10 μM) stress and reduced plant above-ground tissue Cd (37%) and As (34%) contents compared to those in the controls. Strain Q2-8 significantly increased the proportions of Cd and As in wheat root cell walls. Under Cd and As stress, 109 root proteins were differentially expressed among which those involved in metabolisms, stress and defence, and energy were dominant in the presence of strain Q2-8. Furthermore, energy-, defence-, and cell wall biosynthesis-related proteins were found to be up-regulated. Notably, differentially expressed cell wall biosynthesis-related proteins in roots were only found in bacteria-inoculated plants under Cd and As stress. The results suggest that strain Q2-8 can alleviate Cd and As toxicity to wheat plant seedlings and reduce above-ground tissue Cd and As uptake by increasing the efficiency of root energy metabolism, defence, and cell wall biosynthesis under Cd and As stress.