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A high-sucrose diet does not enhance spontaneous metastasis of Lewis lung carcinoma in mice

Lin Yan, Sneha Sundaram
Nutrition research 2018 v.58 pp. 55-61
body fat, chemokine CCL2, dietary fat, energy intake, high carbohydrate diet, high fat diet, insulin, leptin, lung neoplasms, lungs, males, metastasis, mice, models, obesity, plasminogen activator inhibitors, risk factors, subcutaneous injection, sucrose, triacylglycerols, vascular endothelial growth factors
A high energy intake contributes to obesity, a risk factor for cancer. We previously reported that an excessive intake of dietary fat enhances malignant spread in mice. This study tested the hypothesis that consumption of a diet with an excessive amount of sucrose enhances metastasis. In a spontaneous metastasis model of Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC), male C57BL/6 mice were maintained on an AIN93G, a high-fat, or a high-sucrose diet for the duration of the study. Pulmonary metastases from a primary tumor, established by a subcutaneous injection of LLC cells, were quantified. There were no differences in energy intake among the 3 groups. The percent body fat mass of the high-sucrose group, while higher than that of the AIN93G group, was lower than that of the high-fat group. The number and size of lung metastases were significantly higher in the high-fat group than in the AIN93G group; these measurements in the high-sucrose group remained similar to those in the AIN93G group. Hepatic concentrations of triacylglycerols and plasma concentrations of insulin, proinflammatory cytokines (leptin, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, and monocyte chemotactic protein-1) and angiogenic factors (vascular endothelial growth factor and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1) in the high-sucrose group were significantly lower than those in the high-fat group. In conclusion, the high-sucrose diet does not enhance spontaneous metastasis of LLC. This null effect may be due to the inadequate production of tumorigenic proinflammatory cytokines and angiogenic factors by the high-sucrose diet compared to the high-fat diet.