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Effect of anthocyanins on lipid oxidation and microbial spoilage in value-added emulsions with bilberry seed oil, anthocyanins and cold set whey protein hydrogels

Svanberg, Lina, Malmberg, Kajsa, Gustinelli, Graziele, Öhgren, Camilla, Persson, Ingela, Brive, Lena, Wassén, Sophia
Food chemistry 2019 v.272 pp. 273-278
Aspergillus niger, Vaccinium myrtillus, Zygosaccharomyces bailii, anthocyanins, antimicrobial properties, bilberries, bioactive compounds, emulsions, fatty acids, food spoilage, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, hydrogels, light microscopy, lipid peroxidation, microbial growth, microstructure, protective effect, seed oils, separation, storage time, value added, whey protein isolate
The objective of this work was to explore the storage properties of a structured oil-in-water emulsion containing both water- and fat-soluble bioactive compounds from bilberries (Vaccinium myrtillus L.). Bilberry seed oil (BSO) was dispersed in a continuous aqueous phase of anthocyanins (AC) and whey protein isolate. The microstructure was evaluated using light microscopy and the effect of anthocyanins on lipid oxidation and microbial growth was investigated. The results showed that it was possible to generate a stable emulsion structure that resisted phase separation during 25 weeks of storage. Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry measurements of the fatty acids in the BSO during storage showed that AC had a protective effect against lipid oxidation. The AC did not have an antimicrobial effect against the investigated strains Zygosaccharomyces bailii (ATCC 42476) and Aspergillus niger (ATCC 6275 (M68)).