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Pre-harvest sprouting resistance of soft winter wheat varieties and associated grain characteristics

Taehyun Ji, Bryan Penning, Byung-Kee Baik
Journal of cereal science 2018 v.83 pp. 110-115
alpha-amylase, enzyme activity, falling number, preharvest sprouting resistance, soft white wheat, sprouting, vivipary (plants), winter, winter wheat
The varietal differences in pre-harvest sprouting (PHS) resistance and associated grain characteristics have yet to be understood. We tested the grains of 125–166 soft winter (SW) wheat varieties grown for three years for falling number (FN), α-amylase activity, and degree of sprouting (DS) under field sprouting (FS) and spike wetting conditions, and determined the characteristics of grain produced under non-FS conditions for two years. Eleven to 31 varieties exhibited FNs higher than 200 under spike wetting conditions, and 16 to 99 varieties exhibited FNs above 300 under FS conditions. Red wheat varieties showed significantly (p < 0.05) higher FNs than soft white wheat varieties for the grains produced under FS conditions in 2015 and 2017 and subjected to spike wetting in 2017. Awned varieties showed significantly (p < 0.05) lower FNs and higher DS values than awnless varieties when subjected to spike wetting in 2016. Falling number, α-amylase activity, and DS of grain produced under FS in 2015, 2016 and 2017 exhibited significant correlations with test weight (TW) (p < 0.01) of grain produced under non-FS conditions in 2016 and 2017. Five awnless red wheat varieties exhibited relatively high FNs, even under FS and spike wetting conditions.