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Characteristics of geotextile clogging in MSW landfills co-disposed with MSWI bottom ash

Wu, Huanan, Wang, Qian, Ko, Jae Hac, Xu, Qiyong
Waste management 2018 v.78 pp. 164-172
biofilm, bottom ash, byproducts, calcium, calcium carbonate, carbon dioxide, geotextiles, landfills, leachates, municipal solid waste, risk, thermogravimetry, waste incineration
As a main byproduct of municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI), bottom ash (BA) has become a big challenge in operating MSWI plants. The most common method for BA treatment is co-disposal with MSW in landfills, which may cause clogging in the leachate collection system (LCS). This research investigated the characteristics of geotextile clogging in landfills with BA co-disposal. The co-disposal of BA changed the characteristics of leachate, especially increasing the concentration of Ca2+. During the experiment, 0.14 g CaCO3 was precipitated in the MSW geotextile, while it increased to 0.52 g CaCO3 in the BA co-disposed geotextile. Based on mass balance of calcium and thermogravimetric (TG) analysis, the formation of biofilm was the main contributor to the mass increment, accounting for about 82% and 57% mass increment in the MSW and BA co-disposed geotextile, respectively. Moreover, CO2 in landfill gas played an important role in the clogging process, including CaCO3 precipitation and biofilm formation. The results suggested that the co-disposal of BA with MSW can increase the risk of geotextile clogging in landfills.