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Methods for data analysis of resting energy expenditure measured using indirect calorimetry

Borges, Juliano H., Guerra-Júnior, Gil, Gonçalves, Ezequiel M.
Nutrition 2019 v.59 pp. 44-49
body composition, calorimetry, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, men, resting energy expenditure, women
The aim of this study was to test the accuracy of different methods of resting energy expenditure (REE) data analysis using indirect calorimetry (IC) during traditional (30 min) and abbreviated (10 min) protocols.Fifteen women and 15 men (21–34 y of age) completed two consecutive 30-min IC measurements. Body composition was measured using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. The reference method for REE analysis was 5 min in steady state (SS) during 30 min (first 5 min discarded). REE measurements were randomized to define a reference or testing method. An interval method was defined using 25, 20, and 15 min (with first 5, 10, and 15 min discarded, respectively), during 30 min, and 5 min (first 5 min discarded) during 10-min intervals. The SS method was defined using 5 min in SS (first 5 min discarded) during 30 min, 5, 4, and 3 min in SS during 10-min (first 5 min discarded) intervals.Interval methods during 30 min and SS and interval methods during 10 min demonstrated large bias with significantly high REEs compared to the reference method (78.8–109.0 kcal/d, all P < 0.001). Testing methods demonstrated large upper limits of agreement between 225.2 and 322.8 kcal/d. No mean differences (P > 0.05), small bias (14.3 kcal/d), and narrow limits of agreement (–125.8 to 154.4 kcal/d) were observed between 5-min SS during 30 min and the reference method.All interval methods and SS methods during 10 min overestimated REE. We recommend using 5-min SS during 30 min. The measurement may be repeated until all participants achieve SS.