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Grafting of size-controlled graphene oxide sheets onto carbon fiber for reinforcement of carbon fiber/epoxy composite interfacial strength Part A Applied science and manufacturing

Wang, Caifeng, Li, Jun, Yu, Jiali, Sun, Shaofan, Li, Xiaoyu, Xie, Fei, Jiang, Bo, Wu, Guangshun, Yu, Fei, Huang, Yudong
Composites 2017 v.101 pp. 511-520
carbon fibers, composite materials, diamines, epoxides, graphene oxide, moieties, polymers, shear strength, tensile strength, wettability
It is widely accepted that the interfacial properties of carbon fiber (CF) reinforced composites tend to be weak due to the poor wettability and chemically inert surface of CF, which greatly limits the reinforcement effect of CF in composites. Here, size-controllable graphene oxide sheets (GO) were grafted on CF using Poly(oxypropylene) Diamines (D400) as the bridging agent to improve the interfacial properties of CF composites. It was found that the size and content of active functional groups on GO played important roles in controlling the surface morphology of GO grafted CF. Moreover, the interfacial shear strength (IFSS) of the middle sized GO sheets grafted CF/epoxy composites reached a maximum value of 82.2MPa, with an enhancement of 75.6% compared with untreated CF. That is to say, the strong mechanical interlocking between CF and epoxy resin and the improved wettability of resin on CF surface were responsible for the enhancement of IFSS. Instead of decaying of fiber tensile strength after treatment, the tensile strength of GO grafted CF increased from 4.73GPa to 5.02GPa. The reason for the enhancement may be due to that GO bridged the surface defects on CF. This hierarchical reinforcement was believed to have widely potential applications in high performance polymer matrix composites.