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Acanthocephalan fish parasites (Rhadinorhynchidae Lühe, 1912) as potential biomarkers: Molecular–chemical screening by pyrolysis-field ionization mass spectrometry
- Kleinertz, S., Eckhardt, K.-U., Theisen, S., Palm, H.W., Leinweber, P.
- Journal of sea research 2016 v.113 pp. 51-57
- Acanthocephala, Auxis, aquatic habitat, biomarkers, chemical compounds, fish, hosts, markets, mass spectrometry, parasites, pollutants, pollution, screening, Indonesia
- The present study represents the first molecular–chemical screening by pyrolysis-field ionization mass spectrometry applied on fish parasites. A total of 71 fishes from Balinese fish markets, 36 Auxis rochei (Risso, 1810) and 35 A. thazard (Lacepède, 1800), were studied for their acanthocephalan parasites. This is the first record of Rhadinorhynchus zhukovi in Balinese waters, Indonesia, and we describe for the first time A. rochei and A. thazard as R. zhukovi hosts. Using this method, small scale variations within the chemical compounds of acanthocephalans could be detected. Using this methodology it will be possible to generate additional, pollutant specific information from aquatic habitats in future with the potential of a new bioindicator application for parasite/host origin and/or environmental pollution.