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Unravelling the influence of sulfate loading on enhancing anaerobic co-digestion of corn stover and bio-kerosene production wastewater

Author:
Yang, Fu-li, Li, Wen-zhe, Li, Qiang, Li, Peng-fei, Wang, Zhong-jiang, Luo, Li-na
Source:
Journal of bioscience and bioengineering 2019 v.127 no.1 pp. 99-106
ISSN:
1389-1723
Subject:
Synergistes, acetic acid, anaerobic digestion, biogas, chemical oxygen demand, corn stover, methane production, microbial communities, organic matter, ribosomal DNA, sequence analysis, sulfate-reducing bacteria, sulfates, wastewater
Abstract:
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of sulfate loading on methane production and organic matter degradation during the mesophilic anaerobic co-digestion of corn stover and bio-kerosene production wastewater (BKPW). The highest methane production of 192.04 mL/gVS was obtained at a sulfate concentration of 86 mg/L. This was 46.80% higher than that achieved by a sulfate concentration of 113 mg/L. Additional degradation of organic matter was obtained at a sulfate concentration of 113 mg/L because organic matter in the corn stover and BKPW was oxidized by sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB). The concentration of sulfate declined by approximately 23% after 29 days of anaerobic co-digestion, and this reduction in sulfate was enhanced when the soluble chemical oxygen demand (SCOD)/sulfate ratio was less than 15. The results of a mass balance analysis showed that 34.87% of C element and 10.04% of S element in substrate, respectively, were converted to biogas during anaerobic co-digestion of corn stover and BKPW at a sulfate concentration of 86 mg/L. The microbial community was analysed using 16S rDNA sequencing technology, and the results showed that the relative abundance of Synergistes (related to methane production with acetic acid) at a sulfate concentration of 86 mg/L had obviously increased and was approximately 287% higher than the abundance achieved at a sulfate concentration of 113 mg/L.
Agid:
6122058