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Bioconversion of pyridoxine to pyridoxamine through pyridoxal using a Rhodococcus expression system
- Yamamura, Ei-Tora
- Journal of bioscience and bioengineering 2019 v.127 no.1 pp. 79-84
- Mesorhizobium loti, Rhodococcus erythropolis, biotransformation, diabetic complications, genes, industrial applications, manufacturing, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine, pyridoxine, transaminases
- Pyridoxamine, which is a form of vitamin B6, is a promising candidate for a prophylactic and/or remedy for diabetic complications. Pyridoxamine is chemically synthesized by an oxidative method in manufacturing. However, pyridoxamine production by bioconversion, which is generally preferable for environmental and energetic aspects, has been little investigated. Therefore, I aimed to produce pyridoxamine from pyridoxine, which is a readily and economically available starting material, by bioconversion using a Rhodococcus expression system. I found in the bioconversion of pyridoxine to pyridoxal, approximately 450 mM pyridoxal was produced from 500 mM pyridoxine using recombinant Rhodococcus erythropolis expressing the pyridoxine 4-oxidase gene derived from Mesorhizobium loti. Next, in the bioconversion of pyridoxal to pyridoxamine using recombinant R. erythropolis expressing the pyridoxamine-pyruvate aminotransferase gene derived from M. loti, the bioconversion rate was approximately 80% under the same conditions as pyridoxal production. Finally, in the bioconversion of pyridoxine to pyridoxamine through pyridoxal using recombinant R. erythropolis coexpressing the genes for pyridoxine 4-oxidase and pyridoxamine-pyruvate aminotransferase, the bioconversion rate was approximately 75%. Based on these findings, pyridoxamine production by bioconversion using a Rhodococcus expression system may be of interest for future industrial applications.