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Soil water, salt, and groundwater characteristics in shelterbelts with no irrigation for several years in an extremely arid area

Zhao, Xinfeng, Xu, Hailiang, Zhang, Peng, Fu, Jinyi, Bai, Yuan
Environmental monitoring and assessment 2013 v.185 no.12 pp. 10091-10100
clay, groundwater, irrigation, oases, salinity, salt content, salts, shelterbelts, soil depth, soil salinity, soil texture, soil water, water table, China
This paper is based on long-term monitoring data for soil water, salt content, and groundwater characteristics taken from shelterbelts where there has been no irrigation for at least 5 years. This study investigated the distribution characteristics of soil water and salt content in soils with different textures. The relationships between soil moisture, soil salinity, and groundwater level were analyzed using 3 years of monitoring data from a typical oasis located in an extremely arid area in northwest China. The results showed that (1) the variation trend in soil moisture with soil depth in the shelterbelts varied depending on soil texture. The soil moisture was lower in sandy and loamy shelterbelts and higher in clay shelterbelts. (2) Salinity was higher (about 3.0 mS cm(-1)) in clay shelterbelts and lower (about 0.8 mS cm(-1)) in sandy shelterbelts. (3) There was a negative correlation between soil moisture in the shelterbelts and groundwater level. Soil moisture decreased gradually as the depth of groundwater table declined. (4) There was a positive correlation between soil salinity in the shelterbelts and the depth of groundwater table. Salinity increased gradually as groundwater levels declined.