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Surgical management of a traumatic elbow luxation with circumferential suture prostheses in a rabbit (oryctolagus cuniculus)

Carrasco, Daniel Calvo, Minier, Kevin, Shimizu, Naomi, Ragetly, Guillaume, Huynh, Minh
Journal of exotic pet medicine 2018 v.27 no.3 pp. 38-42
Oryctolagus cuniculus, analgesia, anesthesia, case studies, cats, clinical examination, humerus, lameness, patients, postoperative complications, prostheses, rabbits, radiography, surgery, ulna
A 2-year-old dwarf rabbit was referred for right forelimb lameness of 1-week duration. Physical examination and radiographic findings were consistent with an elbow luxation. Manual reduction under anesthesia was unsuccessful in correcting the luxated joint. A surgical approach was recommended to repair the rabbit elbow luxation. Transcondylar, transradial, and transulnar tunnels were drilled from lateral to medial with 2 suture prostheses being placed, 1 from the radius to the humerus and 1 from the humerus to the ulna. Analgesia was provided and the patient was reevaluated on days 2, 7, and 14 after the procedure. The luxation was reduced and no recurrence was noted a year following the surgical procedure. Circumferential suture prostheses, recently described with no reported postoperative complications in cats, can be used successfully in rabbits as evidenced in this case report.