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Detection and Quantitation of Frauds in the Authentication of Cranberry-Based Extracts by UHPLC-HRMS (Orbitrap) Polyphenolic Profiling and Multivariate Calibration Methods
- Barbosa, Sergio, Pardo-Mates, Naiara, Hidalgo-Serrano, Miriam, Saurina, Javier, Puignou, Lluis, Núñez, Oscar
- Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2018 v.66 no.35 pp. 9353-9365
- adulterants, adulterated products, caffeic acid, calibration, computer software, databases, drugs, fruits, least squares, principal component analysis, procyanidins, syrups
- UHPLC-HRMS (Orbitrap) polyphenolic profiling was applied to the characterization, classification, and authentication of cranberry-based natural and pharmaceutical products. Fifty three polyphenolic standards were characterized to build a user-accurate mass database which was then proposed to obtain UHPLC-HRMS polyphenolic profiles by means of ExactFinder software. Principal component analysis results showed a good sample discrimination according to the fruit employed. Regarding cranberry-based pharmaceuticals, discrimination according to the presentation format (syrup, sachets, capsules, etc.) was also observed due to the enhancement of some polyphenols by purification and preconcentration procedures. Procyanidin A2 and homogentisic, sinapic, veratric, cryptochlorogenic, and caffeic acids showed to be important polyphenols to achieve cranberry-based products discrimination against the other studied fruits. Partial least-squares regression allowed the determination of adulterant percentages in cranberry-fruit samples. Very satisfactory results with adulteration quantification errors lower than 6.0% were obtained even at low adulteration levels.