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Effects of dietary vegetable oils and varying dietary EPA and DHA levels on intestinal lipid accumulations in Atlantic salmon

Liland, Nina S., Johnsen, Einar N., Hellberg, Hege, Waagbø, Rune, Sissener, Nini H., Torstensen, Bente E., Sæle, Øystein
Aquaculture nutrition 2018 v.24 no.5 pp. 1599-1610
Salmo salar, cages, cholesterol, diet, docosahexaenoic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, fatty acid composition, fish, fish oils, health effects assessments, intestines, olive oil, rapeseed, rapeseed oil, soybean oil, vegetable oil
High dietary content of vegetable oil (VO) has been associated with increased intestinal lipid accumulations in fish. The extent of this in aquacultured Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) and its health effects are not certain. Samples were therefore collected from two separate feeding trials to investigate the effect of high dietary VO on intestinal lipid accumulations in Atlantic salmon. In the first trial, the fish were fed diets high in plant protein and with fish oil or ~80% of the fish oil replaced with either olive oil, rapeseed oil or soybean oil in a land‐based experimental set‐up. The second trial was performed in sea cages under commercial production conditions, and the fish were fed two dietary concentrations of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (9.7% or 5.5% EPA + DHA of total fatty acids). Neither dietary VO nor variations in EPA and DHA led to any significant effects on intestinal health or lipid accumulations. There were, however, indications of a delayed lipid transport in the rapeseed oil‐fed fish of the first trial, possibly caused by high dietary ≥18‐carbon fatty acids and low dietary 16:0 fatty acid and cholesterol.