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Earthworms to assess the innocuousness of spent biomixtures employed for glyphosate degradation Part B Pesticides, food contaminants, and agricultural wastes

Masin, Carolina E., Lescano, Maia R., Rodríguez, Alba R., Godoy, José L., Zalazar, Cristina S.
Journal of environmental science and health 2018 v.53 no.8 pp. 519-525
Eisenia fetida, adults, alfalfa, bioassays, biodegradation, biomass, clay, earthworms, glyphosate, juveniles, principal component analysis, recycled materials, reproduction, rivers, silt, soil, soil pollution, straw, stubble, wastes, wheat
In this study, the innocuousness of different biomixtures employed for glyphosate degradation was tested through Eisenia fetida earthworms. Eight biomixtures were prepared with local materials: alfalfa straw (AS), wheat stubble (WS), river waste (RW) and two different soils (A and B). Each biomixture was divided into two equal portions: one without glyphosate application (control substrate) and the other was sprayed with a commercial glyphosate formulation of 1,000 mg glyphosate a.i. kg⁻¹ biomixture (applied substrate). The bioassay started when all sprayed biomixtures reached high percentages of glyphosate degradation (spent biomixtures). Three parameters were studied: survival, adults and juveniles biomass and reproduction. The results allowed the identification of three biomixtures (AWS, BWS and BWSRW) for good maintenance and development of E. fetida. In addition, at the end of the bioassay two of the viable biomixtures (AWS and BWS) showed the highest performance of juvenile earthworms compared to a reference soil. The Principal Component Analysis (PCA) indicated that the biomixtures containing high silt and clay percentages and minor density renders higher values of earthworm growth and reproduction. Therefore, these innocuous biomixtures can be used as organic amendments or recycled materials for new treatments on biobeds.