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Influence of the in vitro gastrointestinal digestion on the antioxidant activity of Artemisia gorgonum Webb and Hyptis pectinata (L.) Poit. infusions from Cape Verde

Lima, Katelene, Silva, Olga, Figueira, Maria Eduardo, Pires, Carolina, Cruz, Daisy, Gomes, Samuel, Maurício, Elisabete Muchagato, Duarte, Maria Paula
Food research international 2019 v.115 pp. 150-159
Artemisia, Hyptis, antioxidant activity, chlorogenic acid, chromatography, gastrointestinal system, in vitro digestion, phenolic compounds, quercetin, superoxide anion, Cape Verde
The phenolic profile and antioxidant activity of Cape Verde's Artemisia gorgonum Webb and Hyptis pectinata (L.) Poit. infusions before and after in vitro simulation of the gastrointestinal digestion were determined. The LC-UV/DAD fingerprinting analysis allowed the identification of 3-O-caffeoylquinic acid, chlorogenic acid, 3,5 dicaffeoylquinic acid, 4,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid and other caffeoylquinic acids derivatives on A. gorgonum infusion, and of caffeoylquinic acid and quercetin derivatives on H. pectinata infusion. Despite some decrease in the chromatographic area of several peaks, no relevant qualitative alterations on the chromatographic profile were observed between the digested and undigested herbal infusions.Results obtained showed a decrease on the antioxidant capacity of both tested herbal infusions after the in vitro digestion. This decrease was more pronounced for H. pectinata than for A. gorgonum and was also more pronounced regarding the radical scavenging capacity than regarding the reducing capacity. After complete digestion the superoxide anion and the DPPH-radical scavenging capacities decreased ≈ 43 and 75% for H. pectinata and ≈ 31 and 70% for A. gorgonum.Despite the observed differences before and after simulated gastrointestinal digestion, both infusions still had antioxidant activity at the end of this process. Thus, the antioxidant potential of A. gorgonum and H. pectinata infusions from Cape Verde, prepared as traditionally used, seems to be kept in some extend throughout the digestive system.