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Transcriptome profiling of genes involved in photosynthesis in Elaeagnus angustifolia L. under salt stress

Lin, J., Li, J. P., Yuan, F., Yang, Z., Wang, B. S., Chen, M.
Photosynthetica 2018 v.56 no.4 pp. 998-1009
Elaeagnus angustifolia, chlorophyll, enzyme activity, gene expression regulation, genes, landscapes, light harvesting complex, magnesium chelatase, photosynthesis, plant growth, protein content, ribulose-bisphosphate carboxylase, salt concentration, salt stress, sequence analysis, soil stabilization, transcriptomics, China
High salt concentration is a major abiotic stress limiting plant growth and productivity in many areas of the world. Elaeagnus angustifolia L. adapts to adverse environments and is widely planted in the western region of China as a windbreaker and for landscape and soil stabilization. High salt concentrations inhibited photosynthesis of E. angustifolia, but the mechanism is not known. In this paper, RNA-sequencing was used to investigate effects of salt stress on the photosynthetic characteristics of the species. In total, 584 genes were identified and involved in photosynthetic pathways. The downregulation of genes that encode key enzymes involved in photosynthesis and genes correlated to important structures in photosystem and light-harvesting complexes might be the main reason, particularly, the downregulation of the gene that encodes magnesium chelatase. This would decrease the activity of enzymes involved in chlorophyll synthesis and the downregulation of the key gene that encodes Rubisco, and thereby decreases enzyme activity and the protein content of Rubisco.