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Effect of 2-butenal manufacture wastewater to methanogenic activity and microbial community

Song, Guangqing, Xi, Hongbo, Sun, Xiumei, Song, Yudong, Zhou, Yuexi
Frontiers of environmental science & engineering 2018 v.12 no.5 pp. 10
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Methanobacterium, Methanosaeta, Syntrophobacter, bacteria, bacterial communities, byproducts, chemical oxygen demand, food preservatives, manufacturing, methane production, raw materials, ribosomal RNA, sludge, sorbic acid, toxicity, wastewater
The synthesis of 2-butenal, which is a vital raw material for the production of sorbic acid as a food preservative, generates some toxic by-products, so it is urgent to seek better detoxification strategies for the treatment of 2-butenal manufacture wastewater. In this study, batch experiments were carried out to investigate the inhibition effect of wastewater on the methanogenic activity. To understand the wastewater toxicity to anaerobic granular sludge, variations of the specific methanogenic activity (SMA) and extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) constituents at various wastewater CODs were investigated. Ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) spectra and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectra were employed to analyze the structure of the EPS. The results showed that the inhibitory ratio of 2-butenal manufacture wastewater was less than 8.4% on the anaerobic granular sludge when the CODs were less than 959 mg/L. However, the inhibitory ratio increased from 36.4% to 93.6% when CODs increased from 2396 mg/L to 9585 mg/L, with the SMA decreasing from 39.1 mL CH₄/(gVSS∙d) to 3.2 mL CH₄/(gVSS∙d). The diversity of the microbial community under various CODs was researched by Illumina 16S rRNA Miseq sequencing and the results demonstrated that Proteiniphilum, Petrimonas and Syntrophobacter were the dominant bacteria genera in all sample. Regarding archaea, Methanobacterium was the most dominated archaea genera, followed by the Methanosaeta group in all samples. Moreover, the bacterial communities had changed obviously with increasing CODs, which indicated high CODs played a negative impact on the richness and diversity of bacterial community in the sludge samples.