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Enhanced Bioethanol Production from Potato Peel Waste Via Consolidated Bioprocessing with Statistically Optimized Medium

Hossain, Tahmina, Miah, Abdul Bathen, Mahmud, Siraje Arif, Mahin, Abdullah-Al-
Applied biochemistry and biotechnology 2018 v.186 no.2 pp. 425-442
Candida, Streptomyces, alpha-amylase, bioethanol, biomass, bioprocessing, carbon, enzyme activity, ethanol, ethanol production, fermentation, glucan 1,4-alpha-glucosidase, ingredients, malt extract, microorganisms, models, potassium dihydrogen phosphate, potato peels, ribosomal DNA, screening, sequence analysis, starch, tryptones, wastes
In this study, an extensive screening was undertaken to isolate some amylolytic microorganisms capable of producing bioethanol from starchy biomass through Consolidated Bioprocessing (CBP). A total of 28 amylolytic microorganisms were isolated, from which 5 isolates were selected based on high α-amylase and glucoamylase activities and identified as Candida wangnamkhiaoensis, Hyphopichia pseudoburtonii (2 isolates), Wickerhamia sp., and Streptomyces drozdowiczii based on 26S rDNA and 16S rDNA sequencing. Wickerhamia sp. showed the highest ethanol production (30.4 g/L) with fermentation yield of 0.3 g ethanol/g starch. Then, a low cost starchy waste, potato peel waste (PPW) was used as a carbon source to produce ethanol by Wickerhamia sp. Finally, in order to obtain maximum ethanol production from PPW, a fermentation medium was statistically designed. The effect of various medium ingredients was evaluated initially by Plackett-Burman design (PBD), where malt extracts, tryptone, and KH₂PO₄ showed significantly positive effect (p value < 0.05). Using Response Surface Modeling (RSM), 40 g/L (dry basis) PPW and 25 g/L malt extract were found optimum and yielded 21.7 g/L ethanol. This study strongly suggests Wickerhamia sp. as a promising candidate for bioethanol production from starchy biomass, in particular, PPW through CBP.